Efficacy of psychological interventions for patients with cardiovascular diseases(A review study)

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    Maliheh Jamehdar1,Bahare Oji2
    1. Resident of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    2. Psychiatrist, psychosomatic fellowship, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are chronic, distressing, and debilitating conditions that affect people’s health with major negative effects on their quality of life. CVDs are among the top causes of death for the past decade. CVDs have impressed our country, Iran, as many countries around the world. unfortunately, the age of onset is much earlier (7-10years) than in other regions. there is a mutual relation between CVDs and psychological problems such as stress, anxiety, and depression. these two problems (anxiety and depression) in addition to the lack of social support increase the use of healthcare services, relapse, or exacerbation of the disease. the important role of psychiatric problems like anxiety and depression in CVDs, induces this question: what should healthcare providers do?

    Focusing on the psychiatric aspect of CVDs should be considered as a part of treatment. the treatment of CVDs is routinely pharmacological and non-pharmacological.

    The alternative therapies include stress management, relaxation therapy, therapeutic massage, guided imagery, and psychological treatment like cognitive behavior therapies and psychoeducational programs (PEPs) that are used to decrease patient’s anxiety and distress.

    The findings support the efficacy of some psychosocial interventions in people with CVDs. Some articles support only the short term effects of some psychosocial interventions for reducing tension, negative emotion, stress, anxiety, and depression in people with CVDs

    It is recommended to perform this approach to reduce psychological problems. Although some articles didn’t report long term effects, more research is required to find the best strategies that could help to maintain long term Positive results of psychosocial interventions in CVDs patients

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